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Ficus Microcarpa: All You Need To Know

Ficus Microcarpa: All You Need To Know

The Ficus Microcarpa is a popular indoor plant that can be grown in almost any condition. It has been used to create many beautiful bonsai trees because of its flexible, low-maintenance requirements and striking appearance.

This article will cover all you need to know about The Ficus Microcarpa.

The Ficus Microcarpa

The Ficus microcarpa is a tiny, simple bonsai that may be found in both DIY and furniture stores. Figs are often seen as a symbol for longevity and good health, which makes them perfect additions to any home. Ficus microcarpa also goes by the names “Chinese Banyan,” ‘Malayan Banian’ or even Indian Laurel depending on where it grows!

The Ficus microcarpa is native to a range stretching from China through tropical Asia and the Caroline Islands all the way into Australia. Your Ficus microcarpa will do well in an indoor environment with temperatures hovering around 60° to 75°F. For the best results, keep this plant all year round and avoid cold drafts!

Ficus microcarpa is a hardy tree that does not appreciate being relocated. Once you’ve found the ideal location for it, stick with it! Ficus bonsai are a great plant to have around. They’re able to grow well in both direct sunlight or indirect shade, so you can always find one that will be perfect for your space!

Ficus microcarpa, a subtropical rainforest tree with smooth light-gray bark and whole oblanceolate leaves that measure about 2 inches (5 cm) in length and reach heights of up to 40 feet in Mediterranean regions.

How to Take Care of a Ficus Microcarpa Bonsai

The Ficus microcarpa is a tropical plant and will require some specific care. In order to keep your Ficus bonsai healthy, it’s important that you do not over or under-water this tree!


Figs love water but they hate when you overdo it. Give them enough time to dry out between watering sessions by allowing the soil to become dry to the touch. Watering your bonsai every day will only lead to root rot, so be patient!

They will drop their leaves and look sad if the air around them is too dry. When watering a Banyan fig, be sure to pour enough water so that it flows out of the drainage hole at the bottom of the pot.

Underwatering is more common than overwatering with Ficus bonsai. You will know your tree needs water when the soil feels dry to the touch. Be sure not to water your Ficus bonsai until the soil is dry, as wet soil will cause root rot.


Ficus bonsai also requires plenty of light. Place your tree near a window where it will receive bright, indirect sunlight. If you don’t have a bright window, you can also place your tree near a fluorescent light.


Fertilize your Ficus bonsai with a water-soluble fertilizer every other week. Fertilize sparingly, as too much fertilizer will cause your figs to produce long, spindly leaves.


It’s also important to re-pot your Ficus bonsai every two or three years. Be sure to use a pot that is one size larger than the tree’s current container.

A Ficus bonsai should be re-potted in the spring after new growth appears, or in the fall before winter. When re-potting your Banyan fig, it is important to wear gloves since the sap of this tree can irritate human skin.

To repot your Ficus bonsai, gently remove the tree from it’s pot and set the root ball into a new pot that has drainage holes in the bottom. Fill the bottom of the new pot with soil, place your Banyan fig on top of this, then fill around it with more soil. Water thoroughly to help the soil settle.

Humid Environment

Ficus bonsai requires a humid environment, so it’s important to mist your tree regularly. You can also place your tree in a tray of water and pebbles. Just be sure to make sure the pot is sitting on the pebbles and not in the water. This will help keep the pot from rotting.

Ficus Microcarpa: All You Need To Know

Tips for Trimming and Pruning Your Ficus Microcarpa Bonsai

Pruning and trimming your Ficus Microcarpa bonsai is a necessary part of maintaining the health and shape of the tree.

Here are a few tips to help you get started:

1. When pruning, always use sharp scissors or clippers. This will help reduce the chances of infection and promote healthy growth.

2. Be sure to prune in the appropriate season. For most Ficus trees, winter is the best time for pruning.

3. Remove any dead or dying branches from the tree first. This will help reduce the risk of infection and improve the overall health of the tree.

4. Prune lightly and only as needed. Over-pruning can damage the tree and stunt its growth.

5. Use clippers to cut branches off at their base, being careful not to damage the bark.

6. Remove any unwanted branches using sharp scissors. Make sure to cut them as close to the trunk as possible.

7. Take your time and be patient! Remember, bonsai trees are living things and require care and attention.

As long as you are committed to providing your trees with the proper care they need, you will be able to keep your Ficus looking beautiful for years to come.

What’s The Difference Between a Grafted and Non-grafted Ficus Microcarpa?

When it comes to Ficus microcarpa, there are two main types: the grafted and the non-grafted. The grafting process is done by professionals to join two plants together so they will grow as one. Most of the time, when you see a Ficus microcarpa in a store or garden center it is a non-grafted plant.

Non-Grafted Ficus Microcarpa

Here, the roots of the Ficus microcarpa are grown in a pot and not allowed to grow into the ground. This way the root ball will be nice and tight for transplanting. The top growth from this tree has been cut back and new growth will sprout from the remaining stem. This is where the name ” topping ” comes from.

Grafted Ficus Microcarpa

When you see a Ficus microcarpa with a large, established root system it is most likely a grafted plant. The root system of the donor plant (the original plant the root system is grafted onto) will be used to support the growth of both plants – hence why it’s called ” grafting .” 

A non-grafted plant will grow faster than a grafted plant. After transplanting, you can expect it to take about two years for your Ficus microcarpa to fill out as it gets established in its new home. The time frame is longer for a grafted plant since the root system of the donor needs to grow first.

The Grafting Process

There are two grafting techniques used to attach one plant onto another – top working and side grafting . For top working, the scion or upper half of the graft is cut from the donor plant and attached to the root stock of the other plant. For side grafting, a slice is made in the stem of the root stock and the scion is inserted into it.

The main reason for grafting a Ficus microcarpa is to have a quick growing, full tree. If you’re looking for a Ficus microcarpa with an established root system, then you’ll want to find a grafted plant. But if you’re not in a hurry and don’t mind waiting a few years for your tree to grow, then go with a non-grafted plant.

When it comes to the two types of Ficus microcarpa, there is really no difference in care. Both types are easy to grow indoor house plants. The only thing you need to do differently is the time frame for growth. By using the grafting technique, it makes them a bit harder to find since not all garden outlets will carry grafted plants. But if I can’t find what I’m looking for, I’ll just go ahead and graft one myself.

Ficus Microcarpa Fruits

Growing figs is no simple business. There are certain conditions needed for them to be healthy and produce fruit, but the flowers only appear if the tree has been very good its entire life. If you have a Ficus Microcarpa that’s putting off flowers, then read on to learn about care of this plant and about why it’s not flowering.

Ficus Microcarpa, or Chinese Banyan, is a popular houseplant because of its ease of care. But growing figs isn’t without its challenges. Sometimes the fig tree goes years without producing any fruit at all, though the plant itself seems healthy enough in every other way. If you have this problem with your Ficus Microcarpa, don’t worry – you’re not doing anything wrong.

The following are some reasons why your fig tree may not be flowering:

  1. The first reason is that the plant may be too young. Fig trees typically take a few years to start flowering, so if your tree is still small, don’t be discouraged.
  2. The plant may not be getting enough light. Fig trees need a lot of sunlight in order to flower, so make sure your tree is in a sunny spot.
  3. The plant may not be getting enough water. Figs need a lot of water to produce fruit, so make sure you’re keeping your plant well-watered.
  4. The plant may not be getting the right nutrients. If you’re using a fertilizer that doesn’t contain enough of the nitrogen it needs, then your plant won’t flower. Try using one with higher levels of nitrogen to see if that helps.
  5. One final reason why your fig tree might not be flowering is because of the climate. If you live in a colder climate, your fig tree may not produce flowers because it’s not getting enough warmth. Move your plant to a warmer spot to see if that helps.

Ficus Microcarpa are easy to maintain and require little maintenance, so they go well with many types of homes. With a little attention and care, these trees may begin to flower and produce fruit. So, don’t be discouraged if your tree hasn’t flowered yet – it may just take a little more time. Be patient, and you’ll be rewarded with sweet, delicious figs!

Varieties of Ficus Microcarpa

Ficus microcarpa varieties come in all shapes and sizes. The variety is vast, with dozens of different variations to choose from! The varieties are as follows:

  1. Tiger Bark Ficus
  2. Green Emerald Ficus
  3. Moclame Ficus
  4. Green Island Ficus

Tiger Bark Ficus

Ficus microcarpa ‘Tiger bark’ is a variegated mutation of the Ficus Microcarpa. The tree has irregular white speckles all over it and can be propagated by cuttings.

Ficus Retusa are found natively throughout tropical Asia and make an excellent indoor bonsai. These small trees are found in dry areas with light colored soil. They have bright green leaves that alternate along their branches, giving them the common name “Tiger Bark Ficus” because of how closely it resembles an animal’s stripes when viewed up close.

Green Emerald Ficus

Ficus microcarpa ‘Green Emerald’ is a normal Ficus Microcarpa that has been irradiated with Ethylene-Gibberellic Acid (ethylene gas). The gas mutates the tree and changes its coloring.

One of the most impressive trees you’ll see is also one that’s easy on your eyes. With its emerald green leaves and branches, this Fruiting Emerald Green Fig Cultivar makes an excellent addition to any home or garden!

Moclame Ficus

Ficus microcarpa ‘Moclame’ is a green-leaved mutation of the Ficus microcarpa. It is propagated by cuttings. Ficus microcarpa Moclame is a beautiful and easy to care bonsai. It has sleek, glossy leaves that filter the air of pollutants in your home or office!

The Ficus Moclame is a houseplant with gorgeous emerald green tropical foliage. It has stiff, erect shiny leaves that are an attractive backdrop in any room.

Green Island Ficus

Ficus microcarpa ‘Green Island’ is a normal Ficus microcarpa that has been irradiated with Ethylene-Gibberellic Acid (ethylene gas). The gas mutates the tree and changes its coloring.

The Green Island Ficus is a slow-growing plant that belongs to the fig family Moraceae and can grow up to 20 ft tall. The Ficus microcarpa is also known as the “Ficus Nana plant” with its glossy leaves and smaller size. It’s different from other trees because it has a more ‘friendly’ root system that can grow in pots, making them easier to take care of as bonsai trees.

Ficus Microcarpa: All You Need To Know

Diseases that Could Attacks Your Ficus Microcarpa Plants

The ficus microcarpa is a very popular indoor plant because it is beautiful, can be kept to any size desired, and its low maintenance requirements. However, even the most exotic plants are prone to diseases.

Here are some of the common issues that may affect your Ficus tree:


Aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, and spider mites are all common pests that can attack Ficus plants. These pests can be difficult to get rid of, as they often build up a resistance to pesticides. If you notice any signs of pests on your plant, take action quickly to get rid of them.

Fungal Diseases

Fungal problems are the most common reason for Ficus plants to decline. You may notice brown dead spots on leaves or branches, soften areas on stems, fuzzy growths on the leaf surface, and oozing lesions. Getting rid of these issues often involves pruning out affected parts of the plant, which also means cutting away any diseased roots.

Bacterial Diseases

If your Ficus tree is showing signs of wilting and has black spots on the leaves, it may be infected with a bacterial disease. This can be deadly for the plant, so it’s important to take action quickly if you think your tree is affected. Treatment typically involves using a bactericide to kill the bacteria.

Root Rots

Root rots are a common problem for Ficus plants. They often show up in the form of discolored leaves, leaf shedding, and new shoots growing on the roots rather than stems. Treatments can be tricky because it’s difficult to get rid of these diseases without damaging your plant’s root system. If you notice signs of root rot, you will need to sterilize your pot with boiling water before repotting the plant.


The Ficus Microcarpa is a beautiful and easy to care for indoor plant that is resistant to most diseases. However, it is still susceptible to pests and fungal problems. If you are having any issues with your Ficus tree, take action quickly to get rid of the problem.

Ficus Microcarpa: All You Need To Know

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