The Dwarf Pomegranate is a subtropical deciduous tree that produces breathtaking orange/red trumpet-shaped flowers, which are then followed by tiny orange/red ornamental fruit. The leaves of the Dwarf Pomegranate tree are dark with beautiful hues of bronze. This tree makes a wonderful choice for bonsai. Native to the Mediterranean and Asia, the Dwarf Pomegranate needs warmer temperatures for the fruit to open.
You want to keep the Dwarf Pomegranate in full sun during the growing season if kept outdoors. While this particular tree is somewhat frost hardy, we strongly recommend it be brought indoors once temperatures begin to drop in the fall. To get the Dwarf Pomegranate to product the magnificent flowers and fruits, you need to feed it fertilizer biweekly, consisting of low nitrogen, high potassium, and high phosphorous from spring to fall.
When it comes to pruning, the Dwarf Pomegranate needs to be cut back to just one or two sets of leaves. Then for the flowers, you want to allow enough growth to extend any not pruned until after flowering starts. You can wire this type of bonsai but since older branches are typically brittle, you must take great care. The Dwarf Pomegranate should be repotted every two years, just as the buds begin to show in the spring.
To propagate this species, you would need to sow seeds in the spring or you can air layer once spring growth begins to harden. In the summer months, you can use root semi-ripe cuttings. The Dwarf Pomegranate works well with many different styles for bonsai but the one most commonly used is the informal upright. Finally, you will want to check the Dwarf Pomegranate about once a week, checking for mites, scales, or aphids.