Bonsai trees are a type of containerized plant that can be grown indoors or outdoors. They come in all shapes and sizes, but they are generally much smaller than the average tree you would see in your local forest.
There are over 50 different types of bonsai trees that have been identified by their shape, size, leaves, etc., so let’s take a look at what you need to know about each one!
Bonsai Tree Category Types
Bonsai trees are a type of tree that is cultivated in a small pot. There are many different types of bonsai trees, and each has its own unique look and characteristics.
When talking about a vast number of bonsai tree types, there are the most common characters and some differences. A lot of bonsai tree types are junipers, pines, ficus, azaleas, and so on.
Even some bonsai tree types are common plants that can be trained as bonsai trees. All the same, if you want to know the most popular bonsai trees there are over 250 species that have been developed into fine specimens both indoors and outdoors.
However, we are going to cover 50 of the most common bonsai tree types.
First and foremost, let’s talk about 4 major categories, which are the:
- Flowering Bonsai Trees
- Wire Tree Sculpture Bonsai Trees
- Evergreen Bonsai Trees
- Tropical Bonsai Trees
Flowering Bonsai Trees
Giving a flowering bonsai tree as an alternative to flowers is the perfect gift for any occasion. Not only are they creative and unique, but also long-lasting!
There are many different types of flowering bonsai trees, but the most popular are the:
- Cherry Blossom Bonsai Tree
- Crabapple Bonsai Tree
- Magnolia Bonsai Tree
- Japanese Maple Bonsai Tree
- Wisteria Bonsai Tree
- Bougainvillea Bonsai Tree
Wire Tree Sculpture Bonsai Trees
A wire tree sculpture bonsai tree is a type of bonsai that you use wires to train the branches into place. These types of bonsai are usually for decorating homes or offices. The most popular trees among them are:
- Ficus Bonsai Tree
- Cypress Bonsai Tree
- Chinese Elm Bonsai Tree
- Juniper Sabina Bonsai
- Boxwood (Buxus) Bonsai Tree
Evergreen Bonsai Trees
The evergreen bonsai tree is a type of bonsai that keeps its leaves year-round. Its leaves are typically bright-green or dark-green in color.
The most popular evergreens among the bonsai trees are:
- Juniper Bonsai Tree
- Spruce Bonsai Tree
- Cypress Bonsai Tree
- Pine (Pinus) Bonsai Tree
- Hemlock (Tsuga) Bonsai Tree
Tropical Bonsai Trees
A tropical bonsai tree is a type of bonsai that is cultivated in a warm, moist environment. The most popular tropical among the bonsai trees are:
- Ficus Benjamina Bonsai Tree
- Schefflera Arboricola Bonsai Tree
- Fukien Tea Bonsai Tree
- Bougainvillea Bonsai Tree
- Jade (Crassula) Bonsai Tree
With these 4 category types, you can still learn a lot more about other types of trees that are being trained to become bonsai. Thus, as we have mentioned above, we’ll be covering a total of 50 bonsai tree types.
The Different Bonsai Tree Types
Now, let’s get into the main goal of this post, and that is to talk about the 50 different types of bonsai trees!
1. Zelkova Bonsai Tree or the Japanese Elm
The Zelkova tree is an excellent choice for bonsai and can be grown both indoors or outdoors. The Japanese Elm is a beautiful tree that can be found in Japan. It also grows well across Korea and Taiwan as well!
- Zelkova Bonsai Trees, also known as Japanese Elms for their sweeping and elegant shapes.
- These trees can grow up to 30 meters tall (100 ft) with straight trunks that fan out into many branches – making them an ideal candidate for bonsai enthusiasts looking to create interesting forms from nature!
- Keep your zelkova in mind and water it regularly.
Root rot is a common problem when trees are overwatered, so make sure you don’t let the soil around its roots dry out at all costs!
2. Wisteria Bonsai Tree
With their elegant form and stately height, Wisteria trees are the counterpart to this delicate miniature version that grows in a bonsai pot.
- The Wisteria bonsai tree is a symbol for beauty and life.
- The blooms appear early in spring, when they’re still colorful enough to capture people’s attention with their vibrant colors – blue or lavender depending on the species you have growing at home!
- Wisteria is a genus of less than 10 species, most native to China and Japan with two found in North America.
- Wisteria needs to be in full sun for the best blooms. It gets its color and fragrance from sunlight, so you’ll want it near a window with lots of natural light!
In order to keep the wisteria healthy, it needs an ample amount of water throughout its growing season. In the summertime, you should place your bonsai pot in a shallow bowl so that when we water them every other day or even just once on rare occasions; their roots stay moist and happy!
3. Weeping Willow Bonsai Tree
The willow tree is a beautiful, yet difficult bonsai to maintain. Willow trees are an interesting choice for bonsai, but the Weeping Willow has become particularly sought-after in recent years.
- Willows need a sunny place during the growing season, but might find themselves in semi-shade on hot days.
- The willow needs a lot of water to stay alive on hot summer days. It should be watered at least twice each day, and sometimes even more often!
- Willows can be easily propagated from cuttings. They will even root in a glass of water, and their roots are not only fast-growing but thick enough to support large plants!
- The willow is a tree that has drooping branches and long yellowish twigs. It’s native to China but can be found all around the northern hemisphere because it likes warm weather so much!
To grow a large willow bonsai, you need plenty of space for the hanging branches and leaves.
4. Trident Maple Bonsai Tree
The trident maple is a great candidate for bonsai, as it has the potential to be both vigorous and dense. However, this plant could also develop delicate features with tiny leaves if not careful about how much care you take!
- The Trident Maple is a beautiful, delicate-looking tree. Not only does it have one of the most interesting flowers you’ll ever see but also this type of maple can be found in many different shapes and sizes!
- Plus with its limited frost hardiness, the Trident Maple is perfect to grow indoors all year long – making it a popular choice for bonsai enthusiasts!
- One of the best things about the trident maple is that it’s one of the easiest trees to propagate.
- You can either take a cutting from an existing tree or even plant the seeds and let them grow on their own!
The trident maple is a popular choice for bonsai enthusiasts because of its interesting shape and small size. In most cases, it’s a good idea to provide your maple trees with plenty of water during the growing season.
5. Serissa Bonsai Tree
The Serissa Bonsai is a small shrub that flowers twice per year. In the spring, it bears white fragrant petals and in autumn these colorful leaves turn golden before falling off to make way for winter.
- Serissa is a beautiful shrub with tiny white flowers that appear from spring through summer.
- It’s also known as “Japanese boxthorn,” and its refreshing scent makes it an excellent addition to any garden!
- The serissa plant likes to grow in a sunny, wind-protected place outside during the growing season as long as it’s not too hot. It needs nights above 50° F / 10 °C for optimal growth and health!
- Serissa Bonsai trees are fragile and need special care. They should always have a pot with sphagnum moss in it, which will act as the tree’s natural watering system by keeping its roots fresh while being able to drain excess water from time-to-time without overwatering it or causing root rot.
The serissa is a hardy plant that can easily be propagated from semi-hardwood cuttings. The serissa likes something in the neutral pH range (7), so don’t put it near very calcareous water.
6. Sea Grape Bonsai Tree
The sea grape bonsai is an unusual type of plant because of its large and leathery leaves.
- Sea grape bonsai styles vary depending on the desired look for your tree. There are literati, informal upright and waterfall-like varieties that can be created with this style of plant as well!
- It’s not surprising that many of the best sea grape bonsai seen in exhibits today come from vacant lots and yards that are difficult to maintain because of their salt-tolerant nature!
- Sea grape bonsai trees are easy to care for and don’t need a lot of water. In fact, they can even withstand being partially submerged in water – making them an ideal choice for those who live near the ocean!
The sea grape is a fast-growing tree, but it can be easily kept to size by pruning during the growing season. This tree does best in full sun!
7. Rosemary Bonsai Tree
Rosemary is a perfect fit for Bonsai. It can withstand winters below 30 degrees and does best when grown in containers so that you have easy access to move it indoors during cold spells or protect it from drafts with ease!
- Rosemary is a distinctive herb that can be found in the Mediterranean, as well as Asia. It has an evergreen and woody trunk with branch-like leaves.
- When grown indoors, rosemary needs at least 12 hours of bright sunlight per day to flourish.
- In order for it to grow healthfully and produce therapeutic essential oils that can be used as an ingredient in cooking or medicinal purposes like aromatherapy treatments; the sun’s light is not enough!
- Rosemary plants are a great choice to use for wiring because their flexible growth can be bent easily. However, older stems and leaves might not respond as well so you’ll want younger ones instead of mature plants in this case!
- Rosemary Bonsais, like all other plants in the mint family, need loose soil so that their roots will not become oversaturated.
Keep your Rosemary Bonsai in an area that receives full sunlight for at least six hours a day during its growing season, and two hours over winter. This will help it thrive into maturity!
8. Redwood Bonsai Tree
The Coast Redwood is one of the world’s tallest trees, and it can be used as a bonsai.
- The Coast Redwood can become even taller and stronger than the Dawn Redwood.
- Some famous old specimens in California are more than 100 m (330ft) tall with trunks measuring 7 meters wide!
- Coast Redwoods are an evergreen tree with needle-shaped leaves and scale like foliage on some long shoots. The Dawn Redwood Bonsai and Coast Redwoods are typically used for larger sized bonsai styles because of their strong growth.
- It’s possible to grow Redwoods bonsai, both the Metasequoia type and sequoias. You can propagate them by seed or cuttings; air layering also works well for these tough plants!
- With a natural upright shape, the Redwood tree is iconic. When styled as a bonsai it takes on this formal style to show off its beauty and elegance with superb attention to detail.
The Redwoods are evergreen tree that needs plenty of water to thrive. However, it’s important not to overwater them because this can lead to root rot!
9. Pyracantha Bonsai Tree
Firethorn Bonsai is an amazing genus of 10 species. The plants are all from the Pyracantha family, and they can grow as tall or short depending on their individual preferences!
- Firethorn Bonsai is a type of small tree that thrives in the mediterranean countries and temperate zones. They are also native to Asia, but can be found all over Europe as well!
- To protect your pyracantha from freezing weather, make sure it’s in a pot large enough to keep the roots warm and moist.
- If you live somewhere where winters get really cold or long periods of time exist between snowfall months then consider planting this tree outside its native range if possible!
You can remove individual large leaves by snipping them off the stalk. This will help keep your tree in scale and pruning Pyracantha hard is fine too! When the flowers on pyracantha start to fade, remove them so that new ones can grow in their place.
10. Privet Bonsai Trees
The Privets are a kind of small tree or shrub with drink-like flowers that can grow in almost any type of soil. They take trimming very well and their trunk size is perfect as an accent vase for your home!
- The most common species of privet include the Chinese, Japanese and oval-leaved varieties. These plants all have lacy leaves with a smooth texture to them that make for an interesting hedge or privacy screen when grown in groups together as well!
- These leaves are ovate and opposite, with small white flowers that appear at the tips of new shoots in summer. These plants also contain black fruit which can be moderately poisonous if eaten raw or cooked incorrectly.
- The privet is a versatile plant that does well in bonsai styling techniques. It’s perfect for beginners and experienced growers alike! Privets are easily propagated from cuttings, and can also be air-layered. It is possible to grow privets from seed but those take a long time for them to germinate!
- The privet prefers a bright and sunny position. The privet needs plenty of water on hot days and must be watered thoroughly as soon as the soil becomes dry.
In order to avoid chlorosis, Privet should be cared for in the winter when water is less. It’s important not to let roots dry out completely so that they can breathe and get enough oxygen before coming back into active growth mode again during warmer months ahead!
11. Powder Puff Bonsai Tree
The Powder puff bonsai is a small, delicate tree that can be found in the tropics of America and Asia as well as being present along with its Mediterranean counterparts. This Powder Puff Bonsai Tree is an easy-to-care, year-round plant perfect for beginners. It can withstand drought and disease without any problems!
- The Powder Puff is a small, evergreen shrub with pinnate leaves and delicate white or red flowers.
- The mimosa-like appearance makes it an attractive addition for shady spots in your garden!
- Powder Puff trees are great for Bonsai because of their delicate, powder-like trunk and blossom.
- The Powder Puff is a Bonsai that thrives indoors. It prefers warmth and stability, so it’s not surprising this plant mostly lives in homes or other buildings with consistent temperature sources like heaters!
Powder Puff plants need bright, sunny locations and should be placed in window sills or southern-facing window sites. They tend to stay small without much persuasion from you if they’re exposed to hot sun all day long!
12. Pomegranate Bonsai Tree
The Pomegranate tree is a popular Japanese bonsai because it drops most or all of its leaves in winter, but does not produce bright colors like those seen during autumn. Due to the harsh winters, this tree doesn’t produce autumn colors and is left with a stark landscape.
- Growing pomegranate trees indoors is actually relatively easy. You don’t need a special environment or an expert’s touch, and the fruit can be harvested year-round.
- The pomegranate is a fruit that has been enjoyed for centuries, popping up all over the world in different cultures. Originally from Iran and Armenia to North India and China, this fruit is a part of the very old history of people all over the world.
- Pomegranate bonsai trees are grown from seed and look different depending on how far they’ve been trained into either an upright or slanting style. They’re best placed in full sun but can do well with some shade during hotter months of the year.
- The pomegranate bonsai plant prefers a well-draining soil and moist but not wet environment during active growth periods.
Pomegranate trees are best maintained indoors in a container, as they cannot tolerate colder conditions for very long without being able to retreat into dormancy again. Potted up, this tree can be brought into the house during winter and left outside on a patio or porch until summer.
13. Pine Bonsai Tree
The pine trees are among the most common types of bonsai worldwide, although they’re usually enjoyed by experienced enthusiasts. The possibilities are endless when it comes to the shapes and sizes that pines can take. This makes them a great choice for anyone who wants an original piece, no matter their skill level or taste in style!
- The two famous pine species from Japan that produce a flush of growth each year are both found near shorelines. Japanese Black Pine trees are found near the sea, and their long green needles have a crisp yet smooth texture. The Japanese Red Pine is a beautiful, slender tree with soft green needles that grows up the hill from shore.
- Place your bonsai tree in a place where it will get plenty of sunlight. This is important for the first and second flush of growth. The first flush of new needles will happen in early spring, so be ready to move your tree around as needed!
The pine bonsai plant grows best from seed and takes a long time to mature into its full potential. Once it’s reached maturity however, the pine is one of those trees that can live for hundreds of years.
14. Oak Bonsai Tree
The deciduous oak is one of the most commonly used species for bonsai. They can be grown in containers, but even these tough trees need winter protection when planted outdoors during cold climates; otherwise, they may suffer from frostbite or other damage to their roots.
- The oak tree is among the most common types of bonsai trees. They are hearty trees that can survive in different environments, making them easy to train into bonsai shape.
- Oak trees are usually used for training because they don’t have an overwhelming amount of branches, making them easier to shape.
- The European Oak and American White Oak are often confused with one another. They both have similar characteristics, including being deciduous trees and hardier than other species of oak that live in colder climes like yellow or red oaks (Quercus virginiamemta).
When the soil gets dry, water thoroughly for a few minutes to avoid fatal wilting. Avoid letting it become too wet in winter though- make sure there’s always some leftover moisture left so as not to damage roots with excess watering when temperatures are low outside!
15. Norfolk Island Pine Bonsai Tree
Norfolk Island Pines grow best with even moisture, but they hate soggy soil. Let the top 1 inch of their dirt dry out between watering times to keep it healthy and happy!
- The impressive Norfolk Pine can grow up to 200 feet tall outdoors, but many indoor trees will reach 20ft in height.
- The Norfolk Island Pine is a small tree that only grows in the Pacific Ocean. The generic vernacular name for it, “Norfolkian pine,” suggests where this species originated: from Norfolk Island!
- The Norfolk Island Pine is a beautiful, evergreen tree that will thrive indoors in high light. It’s best to let them outside during spring and summer, but remember to bring them in before the first frost of autumn.
- The Norfolk Island Pine is a popular bonsai tree for beginners because it’s easy to care for and can live indoors or out!
The Norfolk Island Pine is a great choice for those looking to add some height and texture. It needs regular watering, so make sure you don’t let the soil become too dry!
16. Needle Juniper Bonsai Tree
Needle Juniper trees are a great way to get started with bonsai, and they will reward you long-term if you’re interested in cultivating them. Juniper bonsai trees can be a unique and fascinating addition to your home. Whether they’re kept outdoors or indoors, these special little plant life forms will thrive with the right care!
- For your Juniper bonsai, filtered or shaded sunlight outside is best. This will result in a more colorful plant with vibrant green leaves and red needles that are visible from far away!
- To ensure your Juniper bonsai is getting the best possible care, make sure it’s in full sun during morning hours and avoid direct afternoon sunlight. You may think that bonsai trees are difficult to look after, but some can live for 100 years!
- The oldest bonsai tree in the world is 1,100 years old! Yours may only live as long if you provide continuous care and maintenance, but it’s still an amazing gift to give yourself.
- The Needle Juniper bonsai tree is a great starter plant for aspiring gardeners! It doesn’t require any specific lighting, but you should make sure that the needles are always green and visible from afar.
Keep them in filtered sunlight during mornings when possible, or avoid direct afternoon sunlight. These trees can last for up to 100 years with the right care, so they’re a great investment!
17. Mimosa Bonsai Tree
Mimosa trees are also known as “dream trees” because of their beautiful flowers and branches. They’re perfect for bonsai plants too! The trunks and limbs of the plant thicken faster than other types, making them easier to sculpt. The sweet fragrance of a mimosa bonsai’s flowers is what makes it so unique and beautiful.
- The bonsai Mimosa created from Albizia julibrissin is a deciduous, temperate tree (not a tropical) of the Leguminosae family.
- This tree is sometimes referred to as the “silk tree” because of its beautiful pink blooms.
- Some people think that the hundreds and perhaps thousands of trees with compound leaves are all mimosas. This can be a mistake because several species from this group, such as Acacia or Tamarind often get confused with the Albizia julibrissin.
Bonsai mimosa needs winter protection in areas where it doesn’t have a tropical climate. If left unprotected, the trees could die from severe leaf drop and you might lose your bonsai mimosa flowering tree to an inclement season!
18. Liquidambar Bonsai Tree
The Liquidambar bonsai is a great choice for those who want an easy-to-care tree with the potential of developing thick trunks and spectacular fall colors.
- The Liquidambar bonsai tree is an excellent choice for people who love color and find joy in watching the changing hues of a deciduous variety.
- Liquidambar trees are stunning even when their leaves fall off with winter right around the corner. They have a capturing trunk and branches structure that make them contemplation-worthy in any season.
- The Asian Liquidambar has not been hybridized in order to produce any specific leaf colors during the fall, contrary to American varieties.
- The variety of shades which Asian Liquidambar trees can produce is no less captivating, and they come with a sweet tingle to their cultivators. There’s an endless number of colors you could expect from these beautiful trees!
Even when their leaves fall off with the winter just around the corner, Liquidambar trees are still surprisingly beautiful to contemplate. The captivating trunk and branches structure make up for it in this case!
19. Japanese Maple Bonsai Tree
The most extravagant trees for bonsai are Japanese maples (Acer palmatum). These brilliantly colored plants have been widely popularized thanks to their show-stopping beauty.
- Japanese Maple bonsai trees are some of the best-looking and most popular species around. They’re perfect for outdoor gardens, because they require plenty to drink as well as ample sun coverage!
- The Japanese Maple bonsai tree, which can be found in outdoor gardens and is one of the best species for this type.
- Japanese Maple Bonsai trees are perfect for sunny and airy locations, but they should be placed somewhere with indirect sunlight when the temperature reaches 85 °F (30 °C) or higher.
Frosty Maple trees can handle temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit but should be protected if the temperature falls below this.
20. Japanese Black Pine Bonsai Tree
Japanese black pines have been used in many projects for their unique look and ability to withstand extreme conditions.
- The black pine starts from seed in the spring and can grow as tall as one to four inches within its first year. Grows to a height of 80 – 100 feet, but usually much shorter in gardens.
- The black pine bonsai grows at a rate of four feet per year. This bonsai tree has to be planted in a pot with good soil. It does not grow well when continuously moist, so make sure you plant it correctly and give its roots plenty of room!
- The Japanese black pine is a hardy evergreen that can be trained to look like it’s been in training for years.
One of the most durable and long-lasting trees to plant in your home is a black pine bonsai. It can withstand low temperatures, high salt concentrations, strong winds as well as poor soil conditions that other plants might not be able to handle so easily because it’s so hardy!
21. Jade Bonsai Tree
The jade Bonsai tree is a native of South Africa, and it can survive in hot or cold environments. It needs shade when grown indoors since direct sunlight will cause the leaves to burn. So never expose it to temperatures below 50° F.
- The jade Bonsai tree is a great choice for both high and low light conditions. It’s carefree, as it doesn’t require much maintenance other than watering on occasion – all you need in order to look after your new plant are some basic tools like potting soil or sand mixed with gravel at base note frequency!
- The Jade plant needs sunlight to survive. It is a succulent type of plant, but it can’t live without the light from our beautiful sun!
- The jade plant, like most succulents in its habitat prefers full sun to grow and needs high-quality soil with little water retention or drainage.
Jade plants are fragile and will break if you sit them in constantly moist soil. Make sure to let the top 1-2 inches of your jade’s pot dry out between waterings for best results!
22. Himalayan Cedar Bonsai Tree
The Himalayan cedar bonsai is a special type of tree that only lives in the rugged mountains. It has been cultivated for centuries and was first developed as an Australian native!
- Like other cedar trees, a Himalayan bonsai should remain outdoors for the whole year.
- The best way to keep your bonsai tree healthy over the winter is by using a humidity tray. This will help it remain fresh and moisturized while protecting its roots from drying out or cracking inwards, which can happen when exposed outside through freezing temperatures all day long!
- Your bonsai in a small pot needs much more water, but don’t be surprised when you see your plant’s roots. With the extra moisture it will grow faster and give off new growth with increased complexity!
- A regular trim will help keep your Himalayan cedar bonsai tree short, while helping the trunk grow thicker. Your plant needs annual maintenance to stay healthy and beautiful!
Repotting must be done periodically on your bonsai, Himalayan cedar when the root system has filled up its pot.
23. Hibiscus Bonsai Tree
Hibiscus is a perfect plant for bonsai. It has small leaves and flowers, but can easily be thickened into an interesting trunk because of its size that’s similar to many other standard tree species in the area around us!
- The hibiscus plant is a great choice for making bonsai because it can easily be thickened, and the leaves of this flower are just large enough to provide interesting shapes in small spaces.
- When the soil becomes dry, water your hibiscus thoroughly. Don’t let it get too much because then flower buds will fall off and die!
- To increase the success of your hibiscus bonsai, it is important to fertilize the tree once a month with solid organic fertilizer or use liquid fertilizer every week.
- Hibiscus trees can stand up to a variety of environmental conditions, making them an excellent choice for those who want their flowers but not necessarily the hassle that comes with it.
The tropical flowers of the hibiscus plant have dark green leaves to make up for their lack in color. The ternate species has a glossy surface, while temperate varieties tend towards matte finishes due its cold environment requirements.
24. Green Mound Juniper Bonsai Tree
Green mound juniper needs to be kept constantly wet, but it’s important not to let them rot.
- The green mound juniper bonsai’s stunning green leaves and multiple shapes make it a valuable addition to any home.
- The most important thing to know about green mound juniper bonsai trees is that they’re really easy for beginners.
- You can grow a Green Mound Juniper Bonsai without fail, as long as you follow the typical pattern for these species.
Whether you want to keep your green juniper bonsai indoors or outdoors, it’ll be just fine since these plants can handle a wide range of temperatures.
25. Grapevine Bonsai Tree
Grapevine bonsai trees are best suited for areas with plenty of natural light, and good air circulation.
- Wine grape bonsai trees are actually just as easy to grow, care for and enjoy. The roots of a wine vine will often wrap around any available surface including other plants or even in cracks between rocks!
- Grapevine bonsai trees are some of the easiest to grow and maintain. They require very little maintenance, yet produce stunning results with their grapefruit-like coloration.
- The best part about growing these plants? You can take cuttings from a young branch for propagation!
- The Bonsai gardener has only so much room to work with when it comes down size and shape.
- The possibilities are endless, but there must be consideration for taste in order not to have an unhappy customer after all!
But if you have the time to dedicate to daily nurturing, spent looking after your bonsai grapevine then those exquisite specimens will be rewarded with their extremely fast growing nature.
26. Ginseng Ficus Bonsai Tree
The Ginseng Ficus is a great plant for those who live in hot, humid climates. It can withstand a little over or underwatering, but try to maintain the soil moist throughout the summer so that its roots don’t dry out and die!
- In summer, aim to keep the soil wet but not overly so; in winter, reduce it by about half an inch. Fertilize every two months with a balanced liquid fertilizer.
- The ginseng ficus is an excellent plant for those who live in hot, humid climates.
Fertilize every two months with a balanced liquid fertilizer for best results.
27. Ginkgo Bonsai Tree
The Ginkgo Bonsai is a tree that was discovered in eastern China and has been around since prehistoric days. It’s unique because it’s one of few trees left which were common back then, but not anymore!
- Ginkgo Bonsai is a unique tree that will lose its leaves during the winter.
- The Ginkgo tree is considered to be the “Fountain of Youth” plant, which helps promote overall health in eastern cultures. It is important to prune branches only as much as necessary so the tree can grow stronger, but be aware that it will become even more susceptible if you cut away too many parts.
- The winter is a difficult time for most plants, but it doesn’t have to be. By following these simple tips you can keep your bonsai healthy and happy through the cold months!
Ginkgo trees are a type of bonsai that will reward their cultivators with beautifully yellowing leaves, expected to fall off before winter approaches.
28. Fukien Tea Bonsai Tree
The Fukien Tea tree is a traditional indoor Bonsai, but it can be kept outside in very warm climates. The Fukien Tea does not like direct midday sunlight as it is likely to dry out easily under those conditions, but will do well in a bright window with ample morning and evening hours.
- Tea Tree Bonsai trees grow best in moderate climates with plenty of water, so they require regular soaking. We recommend using a soft spray to gently mist the soil and prevent them from drying out too much!
- If you want to keep your plants healthy and happy, make sure that they are getting enough water. The best way is by checking the drainage of each pot before adding more soil so it can drain properly!
- Though many people use fukien tea as an herbal remedy for stomach ailments, some worry it is unsafe.
However the illnesses Fukien Tea seems to help with are those which involve problems in this area of the body and there have not been any reports or evidence that proves otherwise thus far.
29. Ficus Bonsai Tree
Ficus bonsai is not just aesthetically pleasing, they’re also great for providing shade. They can grow in both direct sunlight and indirect with no problems whatsoever! Ficus bonsai are beautiful and delicate plants. The direct afternoon sun can damage the leaves, especially if it shines through your window!
- Ficus Bonsai is one of the oldest trees in existence, having been around for over 1000 years. An average bonsai tree should be watered every 2 to 3 weeks during the Spring and Summer months, with more space between each watering in Autumn.
- The Ficus bonsai tree can adapt to both dry and wet conditions, but it’s important not to overdo the water. If you don’t know how much is enough for your plant or if its roots are soaked after heavy rain for example then this could be bad news!
You should repot your Ficus every two years in the spring, using a basic soil mix.
30. Dogwood Bonsai Tree
The dogwood bonsai trees are small, flowering versions of their outdoor counterparts. The dogwood bonsai trees are small, flowering versions of their outdoor counterparts.
- Dogwood trees have very dense and fast-growing root systems that are less than ideal for container growing; however the beauty of these plants make up for any shortcomings in their design features!
- The dogwood tree is a surefire sign that hot summers and dry winters are coming. The petite forest dweller needs salty soil to survive, but at the same time they need lots of water early on in life- especially when planted near ponds or lakes where surface runoff can replenish their roots with freshwater more easily than anywhere else!
- The dogwood bonsai tree can grow outdoors, but be aware that they do not like to live on the coast! If you want to keep your plants healthy and happy, make sure that they are getting enough water. The best way is by checking the drainage of each pot before adding more soil so it can drain properly!
- If you want to keep your plants healthy and happy, make sure that they are getting enough water. The best way is by checking the drainage of each pot before adding more soil so it can drain properly!
The dwarf dogwood is a seriously small cultivar, with many traits that make it seem like the traditional tree. In reality this plant needs less than 4 inches of soil to grow and can be found growing in your backyard or on streets around town!
31. Crepe Myrtle Bonsai Tree
The crepe myrtle bonsai is an interesting plant that can be grown indoors and needs to drop its leaves during winter for dormancy. It must have 45-54 degree temperatures in order to stimulate this behavior, but it will also flourish if left at room temperature of about 72 degrees!
- The crepe myrtle bonsai is a beautiful, small tree that doesn’t need annual pruning.
- The crepe myrtle bonsai is a new type of tree that can be grown as either a semi-dwarf or dwarf. These trees have been bred to bloom well, resist disease and are hardy with sturdy branches for climbing purposes.
- A great way to grow your own fresh crape myrtle is by taking semi-hardwood cuttings in the summer. June, July and August are excellent times because it’s when they’re most likely going to root for you!
- The myrtle can be a hardy plant and it will grow well in pots or planter boxes. The best container to house your new tree, however, needs drainage holes for the roots of course!
Pruning is a necessary process to keep your plant healthy and beautiful. It’s important for Crape Myrtle pruning, too! Be ready for a messy pruning process.
32. Chinese Elm Bonsai Tree
It’s important to give your tree enough light, so if you live in an area with direct morning sunlight it will be great for bonsai like the Chinese Elm.
- The Chinese Elm is among the most common types of bonsai sold as indoor plants, but they can also be grown outdoors.
- The Chinese Elm is a tree that originated in East Asia. It’s one of the most popular bonsai for beginners, especially because it can be grown easily and quickly with little maintenance needed from its owner!
- The Chinese Elm is a beautiful, small tree that can grow up to 65 feet tall in its native habitat. For generations people have been cultivating these elms into bonsais and they’re no exception.
- With a growth rate of up to 36 inches per season, the Chinese Elm is one of those trees you want in your yard.
- The Chinese Elm is a mighty tree that can reach heights of up to 80 feet (25 meters). The Chinese Elm is an ideal Bonsai tree for those who want a plant with small leaves and delicate branches.
The Elm is a hardy tree and will drop its old leaves during the first 3 weeks of delivery. This happens because it reacclimated to its new position, so there’s nothing for you worry about!
33. Cherry Bonsai Tree
With their lovely appearance, the cherry tree is a perfect candidate for bonsai. The trees lend themselves well to art and can be styled into any type of shape with just one trimming or pruning session!
- Low-maintenance cherry trees are the perfect addition to your yard. They’re known for their ease of care and ability, making them great choices when it comes time to maintain a plant in yours!
- Many beginners start with a tiny pot for their first tree, but they are much more complicated to grow. A cherry tree would do great in one gallon of soil and water!
- While it may take two to three years for a cherry blossom bonsai tree from seed or cutting, the first sign that they want bloom can show up as early as one year after planting.
- The cherry tree needs a lot of water to thrive, but it is also sensitive to over-fertilization. Be sure not to let the soil dry out completely between watering or else you will end up with poor growth and disease problems like root rot in your yard!
When you get a new cherry tree, make sure to move it into its own larger container within the first 12 months and repot every two or three years until they reach full height.
34. Cherry Blossom Bonsai Tree
Grown cherry blossom bonsai trees can take up to three years from seed or cutting before they show their first signs of bloom.
- The cherry blossom bonsai needs plenty of sunlight to grow and flourish during the growing season. Indoor care is necessary because it will not get enough sun indoors, so make sure that your plant has an east-facing window or door.
- Give your cherry blossom bonsai plenty of water in the summer, but reduce it during the winter. They need a lot of moisture to grow and bloom properly!
- The cherry blossom is a delicate flower that needs to be treated with care. Only place the bonsai indoors during winter dormancy, and only if you have access to an unheated garage where it can spend its time resting in peace until springtime comes around again!
Cherry blossom trees are a delight to behold with their plumes of pink and white flowers that carpet the ground in early spring.
35. Cedar Bonsai Tree
Cedars are trees that can be trained into bonsai while still being tall and impressive. They make great candidates for those who want an attractive plant, but with size limitations.
- The cedar bonsai tree requires six hours of daily sunlight. The trunk and branches should be pruned annually to maintain the shape it originally had when planted, as well make sure that they’re healthy enough for continued growth in light levels!
- The cedar bonsai tree can be grown indoors or outdoors but it requires careful attention to its sunlight exposure.
- Since most of the time you will be watering your bonsai during the wet season, make sure that it’s nearly dry before giving any more.
- To keep a cedar tree small, you must shear or trim it in the summer. Remove only small amounts of green plant material each year to reduce its size over time if necessary.
The cedar tree can grow up to 25 inches a year for the fastest rate of growth, but it usually only increases by 12-24 inches annually.
36. Cape Honeysuckle Bonsai Tree
Honeysuckle typically does not survive indoors because of its size, height requirements and sensitivity to indoor environments.
- Honeysuckle is a great choice for container gardens. They perform well as long as they receive regular water and an application of 10-10-10 plant fertilizer at the beginning of each growing season, but some varieties require more care than others depending on their size or rootstock – just be sure to research what type would work best with your space!
- Honeysuckle vines have excellent flavor and value. To grow them, you can provide a trellis for your container vine or let it hang in the basket.
- If you live in a warm climate, honeysuckle vines can be grown outdoors as long as they are brought inside during the winter. If you live in a colder climate, you will need to grow your vine indoors and provide supplemental light.
- Honeysuckle vines make excellent bonsai trees with their small leaves and rapid growth rate.
- These plants can grow up to 30 feet tall, but it typically takes about five or ten years for them to accomplish this feat. Other shorter types of honeysuckle such as winter-flowering Lonicera fragrantissima grow in zones 4 through 8 which also requires an amount of time before reaching their maximum height depending on location and conditions.
Honeysuckle plants want to be in full sun, but they will flower more if you give them some shade. So find a soil that’s moist and well-drained where your honey picks up their roots!
37. Cactus Combo Bonsai Tree
The beauty of a cactus combo bonsai is in the details. There are various types and styles, but they all share some common features that make them eye-catching when displayed as an ensemble or singly at home!
- Cactus are very interesting plants that come in all shapes and sizes. Some cactus varieties can grow up to 10 inches tall, but this is only possible with specific types of them!
- The use of cactus soil when cultivating bonsai trees can work just as well and provide you with the same results.
- The cactus combo bonsai is a specific sort of tree that utilizes the unconventional plant as its base.
- Cacti are often utilized to create indoor decoration. They can be combined with various colors and shapes of containers for an excellent look!
The importance of caring for a cactus bonsai is that it needs very little water. Cacti are desert plants which can survive with tiny amounts, so proper irrigation will be key to keeping your plant healthy and happy!
38. Buttonwood Bonsai Tree
Buttonwood bonsai are known for their lush appearance and require lots of sun. To grow, tropical hobbyists place Conocarpus in as much direct sunlight as each yard allows them to do so.
- Buttonwood bonsai can be a great addition to your home and are best when planted in coarse soil with fast draining properties.
- While they like water, heavy fungus or root rot may cause them problems if not cared for properly by their owner; therefore it’s important that you know how much sun these plants need as well as avoiding wetting the leaves whenever possible!
- The Buttonwood Bonsai is a unique tree that some people may pass off as unattractive or less than worthy.
- Conocarpus erectus is a dense, multiple-trunked shrub that can grow up to 4 meters tall with an average trunk width of 30 centimeters.
The Buttonwood tree is an evergreen that has a long history of use for it’s durable wood. They thrive in tropical America and West Indies, as well as coastal south Florida where they can grow at higher elevations without frosty conditions typical to Zone 9 areas!
39. Buddha’s Ear Bonsai Tree
The Buddha’s Ear bonsai are large, tropical trees that can grow indoors or outdoors. They’re an excellent choice for those who want to bring the beauty of nature into their homes!
- The Buddha’s Ear bonsai tree is a type of Alocasia that can be found in India, Inchochina (which includes Vietnam, Thailand and Laos), China.
- Alocasia plants are known for their large, elephant ear-like leaves that seem to stretch across the ground.
- To avoid disturbing the soil, water your Buddha’s Ear bonsai with a fine nozzle.
- The Buddha’s Ear bonsai are a rare find in the world of pests and diseases, meaning they’re not often infested with common problems that affect most other trees.
The Buddha’s Ear Bonsai is a unique and inspiring tree that will brighten up any room or garden. These trees are not very common, but they’re easy to care for!
40. Bromeliad Bonsai Tree
One of the most durable bonsai trees, terrestrial Bromeliad are also known for their complex root system that helps them withstand harsh conditions.
- Bromeliads are colorful, beautiful plants that can come in many colors. Some of the most common types include green leaves with maroon or gold accents to give them an even more attractive look!
- The majority of bromeliads, about 75%, can grow on trees or other wood objects (like stumps and driftwood); they don’t need soil. These epiphytic plants absorb most water through their leaves which helps them stay healthy!
- When you are trying to find a good spot for your Bromeliad, look around in the woods or areas where they can sit comfortably without moving.
Bromeliads are interesting plants that prefer dry conditions. You will need to water your bromeliad every other week or so in order for the soil and cup to both stay moist but not soggy, making sure only half way full when watering from either side of the saucer because too much can lead to rot problems.
41. Boxwood Bonsai Tree
Boxwoods are a perfect candidate for bonsai, as they can tolerate constant trimming and will even bud new growth from old wood.
- Boxwood is a hardy species that can tolerate frost, but container-grown trees should be protected from very low temperatures in winter.
- Boxwood is a versatile plant that needs to be watered every 1-2 days during the summer and once per week in winter.
- Boxwood is a tree that can be found in Africa and it’s distribution stretches across central as well as west. Boxwoods have medium sized evergreen leaves, making them perfect for bonsai growing!
Boxwoods are attractive and easy to care for plants that can be shaped into nearly any shape. Boxwood plants thrive indoors because they’re hardy, making them an ideal choice as a houseplant!
42. Bougainvillea Bonsai Tree
These plants are so beautiful! They have brilliant bracts that look just like petals, and their branches can be pruned into a shape of your choosing.
- Train a bougainvillea into tree shape while the plant is young, and then continue to keep it growing by removing new shoots.
- The central shoot of a bougainvillea is the trunk. Make sure it’s allowed to grow freely in order for your tree to look good with branches and leaves on all sides!
- If you’re not lucky enough to live in a warm climate, it’s possible that bougainvillea can still grow indoors. The shrubs thrive if the right conditions are maintained and will be happy with some light as long as they get plenty of water every day!
Northern gardeners will need to prune bougainvillea in order for it not only to survive but also to flourish. This can be done any time during winter when the plant isn’t covered with snow and is in freezing temperatures!
43. Bonsai Money Tree
Money Trees are typically very hardy plants, but they can be susceptible to over-watering or exposure.
- The beautifully branching money tree is an iconic symbol of success and fortune in many cultures. You may notice branches extending out from the top or sides if it grows too tall for its pot, but don’t worry: pruning will help keep this plant healthy!
- Regardless of a gardener’s decision about the particular size at which they plant their Money Tree, these bonsais require repotting every one or three years.
- The trunks of the money tree are usually thick and unbraided, making them very resistant to bending. It’s not advised that you braid these branches at this point in time because they will likely snap if bent too far or moved around erratically.
- The leaves on your money tree will turn brown if they go too long without water. In addition, the plant might start dropping some of its branches as well!
Money Trees are some of the fastest-growing houseplants out there! You’ll be able to watch your Money Tree’s new leaves grow every few weeks during their active growing season.
44. Black Olive Bonsai Tree
Black Olive trees love the sun but they also need less light in winter. Keep them away from temperatures below 40º F because this will cause serious damage to your plant’s leaves!
- Black olive bonsai don’t come from “black olives” and they’re not related to Mediterranean Oils. Instead, these trees are a type of Bucida spinosa which has small leaves on its branches.
- While there are many factors that contribute to the death of a black olive bonsai, one major cause is being forced into pot at the wrong time.
- Root pruning in late summer is risky. The shorter days and cooler nights may not give your black olive bonsai enough time to regenerate new roots before they arrive!
Root pruning is an important part of caring for your Black Olive Bonsai. In warm climates, it’s common to do this every year; however in other regions probably only once each alternate season will suffice (or less).
45. Bamboo Bonsai Tree
Bamboo is a perfect plant for bonsai. Not only does it have the ability to grow in areas that other plants cannot, but its simple and compound architecture makes shaping them much simpler than most species of trees on this list!
- With its shallow roots and ability to withstand pruning, bamboo bonsai is an amazing plant for people who want something small yet resilient.
- The care of a bamboo bonsai is not difficult at all. In fact, it’s been known to be far more manageable than other species that are miniaturized such as elms and cedars!
- If you’re looking to grow your own bamboo, then the indoor conditions are perfect for this plant. Just make sure that it gets plenty of light and water!
- The lifespan of a bamboo grove is comparable to that of other plants such as cane, but generally speaking 7-10 years seems more common.
Bamboo bonsai is a kind of plant that has been cultivated for centuries. It’s typically known as heavenly bamboo, but its scientific name is Nandina Domestica.
46. Bald Cypress Bonsai Tree
The Tall, Tree-like Bald Cypress Bonsai is a reddish-brown tree with delicate, needle-shaped leaves that turn lovely Auburn in color and fall before changing colors again.
- The Bald Cypress bonsai is the perfect beginner’s tree for those who are new to this art. Starter plants are available so you can get your own started as well!
- The Bald Cypress is a unique bonsai because of its shape and foliage. Needles grow on branches in two rows, which makes for an interesting look when they fall during winter before reaching the ground.
- To get a great knee on your bonsai, you should grow it in wet and swampy soil.
- This plant is native to the United States, but can also be found in areas of southern Mexico and Central America.
- The rot resistant Bald Cypress Bonsai is a perfect plant for people who enjoy watering. It thrives in wet soil, and it’s deep green color makes it stand out against other plants on your desk or nightstand!
Bald Cypress bonsai trees are perfect for sunny, warm climates. They should only be grown in zones 5B through 9 because they need protection during harsh winter months.
47. Bahama Berry Bonsai Tree
The Bahama Berry is a small tree with shiny green leaves and close internodes. Water is the best way to help a Bahama Berry grow. Make sure you give them enough water and make it so they never dry out!
- The Bahama Berry is often called “I Dry-I Die.” Unlike many tropical plants that can be brought back from the brink of death, this one won’t live much past a dry season.
- If you are looking for a Bonsai that will require high maintenance but make a colorful and heavenly-smelling addition to your home, then look no further than the Bahama Berry.
The Bahama berry is a plant that can thrive in full sun and good air circulation, but these conditions paradoxically cause it to dry out very quickly.
48. Azalea Bonsai Tree
Bonsai enthusiasts love the kurume and satsuki azalea hybrids for their superior cultivation abilities. They’re easy to train, wherever you make a cut new growth will sprout!
- Azalea Bonsai is one of the most unique and beautiful plants for sale. It can be grown indoors or outdoors, but it thrives with at least two hours each day in well-lit conditions.
- The plant known as the azalea has been used for centuries in landscaping and horticulture. It’s hardiness, ease of care make it an excellent choice to start your bonsai journey!
- Azaleas are often either evergreen or deciduous. Some varieties may drop their leaves in Winter, but this is a normal part of the plant’s life cycle and has nothing to do with how healthy it is/was during summertime growth periods!
The azalea is a flower that speaks to love and gentle care. It makes sense for this plant, with its long life as both houseplants or garden decorations in addition to the gorgeous colors it brings into our lives every time we see one bloom!
49. Artificial Bonsai Tree
Artificial bonsai indoor plants for your home can be a great way to spice up any space and add some fresh air.
- The beauty of artificial bonsai indoor plants is that you can have your own mini-rainforest at home.
- The artificial bonsai trees are the best way to get that traditional look without all of the work.
- Artificial bonsai trees are crafted with a range of techniques that can be as simple or complex, depending on what you’re looking for in your finished product.
Artificial bonsai trees are an interesting twist on the traditional art form. They can be made from a variety of materials, including plastic and preserved wood chips in order to resemble living plants at their natural state for home decoration purposes only!
50. Preserved Bonsai Tree
Preserved Bonsai Trees offer a great solution for those who want the look but don’t have time or patience.
- These bonsai trees are the real deal. They’re grown to their peak and perfectly pruned into signature structures that make them perfect for any home!
- Introducing a preserved bonsai tree into your space allows you to bring the beauty and grace of a natural Japanese juniper tree without having to worry about constant maintenance.
- Preserved bonsai trees are living sculptures that have been preserved to last centuries.
This genuine art form started with the Japanese who grew their potted plants and herbs into perfectly shaped pieces of nature, creating an everlasting legacy for all time – even without light or water!
How to Choose the Right Type of Bonsai Tree for You
The art of bonsai is all about creating miniature trees in small containers. It can be a fun and rewarding hobby, but it’s important to choose the right type of tree for your skill level and growing conditions.
Here’s a quick guide on how to choose the right type of bonsai tree for you:
- If you’re a beginner, choose a tree that’s easy to care for. Some good options include the juniper, elm, and larch.
- If you’re looking for a challenge, try a harder-to-care-for tree like the black pine or the cedar.
- If you live in a temperate climate, choose a tree that can thrive in your climate. If you live in a warm climate, choose a tree that can handle the heat.
If you’re not sure which type of tree to choose, ask an expert at your local nursery or bonsai club. They’ll be able to help you find the right tree for your skill level and growing conditions.
Things to Consider Before Having a Bonsai Tree
Bonsai trees are like any other type of plant. They need to be cared for properly, or they will die. Keep the following things in mind before having a bonsai tree:
- Make sure you have plenty of space. Bonsai trees should be placed in an area with indirect sunlight and good air circulation. Be prepared to water them regularly and to fertilize them occasionally.
- Make sure you have the time and patience to care for a bonsai tree. They require regular maintenance, including watering, pruning, and fertilizing.
- Be prepared to spend some money on good quality bonsai soil, fertilizer, and tools.
- If you can’t commit to the regular care that bonsai trees require, it might be best to choose a different type of plant.
Creating a Bonsai Tree from Scratch
If you’re interested in creating your own bonsai tree from scratch, there are a few things you need to know.
- First, you need to find a healthy young tree and turn it into your bonsai tree. You’ll need to clip its roots, along with most of the branches and leaves, in order to make the miniature version of the tree.
- Then, you’ll need to nurture your young bonsai tree for about three years before it’s ready for transplanting. During this time, you will need to transplant it into a shallow pot every other year. Then, remove the tree from its original pot and plant it in a bonsai pot that’s meant for full-sized trees.
- Transplanting your bonsai tree is an important step. Be sure to protect it from wind, direct sunlight, and other outdoor elements until you transplant it into its final pot.
- Bonsai trees can take years to grow and develop their proper shape and structure, so you’ll want to get started as soon as possible. Keep these things in mind before choosing a tree and starting the process of turning it into a bonsai tree.
And always remember that you should have plenty of space, time, and patience before trying to care for a bonsai tree. If you can’t commit to these three things because of your life situation, it’s best to choose another type of plant.
So, if you’re ready to try out bonsai trees, read on for quick tips on how to choose the right type of tree for you. Then, make sure that you have plenty of space, time, and patience to care for it, and get started on the journey to creating your own bonsai!
Common Bonsai Care Tips
Regardless of the type of bonsai you grow, there are several care tips to keep the plant healthy.
Light is one of the most important elements to consider when growing bonsai. Exposure to bright light will be required for good growth during the Spring/Summer months; however, in preparation for winter, it is important that bonsai are exposed to less intense light or are placed in a location that does not receive direct sunlight.
Perhaps the most important aspect to consider when growing bonsai is how much water the plant receives. Over-watering bonsai can cause root rot, stunted growth, and/or kill your tree while under-watering your bonsai can lead to wilting, leaf browning, and even death. A good rule of thumb when watering bonsai is to check the soil moisture every day and water when the top 2-3 inches of soil are dry.
Fertilizing your bonsai is another important aspect of care. Fertilizer should be applied every 2-4 weeks during the Spring/Summer months, and less often (or not at all) during the winter. It is important to use a fertilizer that is specifically designed for bonsai, as this will ensure that the right nutrients are being delivered to your tree.
As with any other plant, pruning is an important part of bonsai care. Proper pruning will help to maintain the shape and size of your tree, as well as promote healthy growth. Pruning should be done periodically throughout the year, but is most commonly done during the Spring and Summer months.
Many people believe that bonsai must be constantly trained in order to maintain their small size. While it is true that regular training is important for young trees, older bonsai can be left to grow naturally and will still retain their small size. In fact, over-training a bonsai can actually lead to unhealthy growth and/or stunted development.
Conclusion on the Different Bonsai Types
There are many different types of bonsai trees available to grow, but there is no “best” type. The best type for you will depend on your personal preferences and the amount of time and space that you have available to care for a bonsai tree.
When you’re ready to choose your own type of bonsai tree, remember to be ready to commit to plenty of space, time, and patience as well as a willingness to learn. If you can’t do this because your life situation changes from time to time, it’s best to choose another type of plant instead.
In addition, remember that all bonsai trees need the same basic care elements in order to thrive; bright light, water, fertilizer, and periodic pruning. Following these tips will help you to create a beautiful and healthy bonsai tree that will last for years to come!