When spring comes and the ground is
thawed, it is time to start planting your rose garden. Roses have been a
cherished aphrodisiac since biblical times. They have been around for over 3000
years, yet they still hold a particular mystery and fascination, not to mention
the fact that they just look and smell good!
One of the most important rules of growing roses is to plant the rose bush in an
area that receives around 4 to 6 hours of sunlight every day.
It is preferable not to plant too many trees or other plants around the rose
bush because most of these are likely to either mix with the rose or stifle it's
growth. If you are replacing an old rose bush, approximately 1 1/2 cubic feet of
old soil should be removed, and fresh soil added to replace it. When positioning
your rose in the garden or landscape, consider the growth habit of the rose.
For example, place climbers and ramblers along fences, trellises, or next to
arches or pergolas. This location offers them free range of growth, and optimal
potential for the showiest blooms.
Roses also look beautiful in island garden beds interplanted with perennials.
Miniature roses make great edging plants in front of their taller cousins.
Planted singly, shrub roses make excellent specimen plants or they can be
clustered to make a flowering hedge. You can also use them to camouflage
unsightly garden objects.
Dig a hole large enough for the root mass and loosen the bottom of the hole. You
should add bone meal, which is a slow acting source of phosphorus that leads to
healthy root growth in the rose plant.
Then the plant should be placed in the hole carefully and the hole refilled with
soil, covering the roots properly. Before making the final covering, water the
rose plant and let it absorb the water. After this, water the plant more and
mound the soil about 6 inches high. The dome will keep the stems from drying out
until the plant is rooted. Gradually remove the excess soil as the leaves open.
Special care should be taken with the planting depth. It varies according to the
climate you live in.
If you live in a colder area, plant a bit deeper and consult with the people
growing roses in your area. If you are buying potted roses, you should plant
them about 1 inch deeper than their potted level.
The best time to plant roses varies depending on the winter temperature. Where
temperatures don't drop below -10 degrees F; either fall or spring planting is
satisfactory. If you live in an area where winter temperatures go below -10
degrees F, spring planting is preferred. Plants should be planted in a dormant
condition if purchased bare root, but container grown plants may be planted
throughout the growing season.
Spacing of the rose plant is highly influenced by the temperature. In regions
where winters are severe, the rose plant does not grow as large as in mild
climates. Taking this into consideration, hybrid tea roses should be spaced 1
1/2 to 3 feet apart. Large vigorous growers, such as hybrid perpetuals need 3 to
5 feet of space, and the climbers need from 8 to 10 feet of space.
If the winter temperature is below 10 degrees F, roses can grow healthy if
proper care is taken. The gardener must prepare for that cold, wet reality as he
revels in the summer air conditioning.
In zones 7 and colder, the roses enjoy their last fertilization of the season by
August 15th to limit the emergence of new rose canes, which will almost
certainly not survive the winter.
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© 2005 This article is provided courtesy of The Garden Source Network -