Regardless of the type(s) of Bonsai you want
to create, the plants and trees that can be used for bonsai need certain
necessary characteristics to enable them to become truly stunning and
achieve that classic "old" bonsai look. Utilizing the established bonsai
practice/technique of restricting normal root development by using a
small pot or container. Eventually, growth will diminish and slow, and
leaves will stay smaller.
In the cultivation of "new" bonsai trees
(i.e. those less than 20-30 years old), only a few plants have all the
characteristics necessary for true Bonsai. The ideal bonsai trees should
have a trunk growing thick and woody in a short time. Its leaves or
needles small enough to be convincing and the roots should be clearly
visible with major surface growth. They cannot be sensitive to regular,
structural pruning. Seasonal blooms or fruits should not be so large
that they distract from the total appearance of the bonsai trees.
The types of bonsai trees and plants that are most often utilized for
the beginning to advanced bonsai gardener are evergreen, deciduous,
flowering and fruit-bearing plants. Plants may be found in the wild,
from garden centers and even grown from seeds. In addition, Bonsai
plants may also be created from cuttings, air laying and grafting
(although for a beginner, the best way is to start with an established
plant for your first foray into the bonsai world).
Here is a list of some suitable plants that make good bonsai trees.
American bald cypress
Flowering quince Golden cup oak
Japanese black pine
Japanese red pine
Olive Pitch pine
Silver-blue Atlas cedar
Swiss mountain pine
About the Author: Erik Olsen is an avid
Bonsai gardening enthusiast, and the author of the best selling eBook
"Bonsai Gardening Secrets", available online at